WOMEN'S SPORTS GYMNASTICS

Free exercise
The dimensions of the exercise floor are 12 x 12 metres, with an additional safety zone of 2 metres on each side. The floor is springy and is covered with a shock-absorbing surface. The exercises performed on this apparatus typically require swiftness, jumping skills and flexibility. Each routine is performed in synchronisation with background music and contains choreographic elements, which makes it a truly spectacular artistic display.
Uneven bars
As the name suggests, each bar sits at a different height. The lower bar has a height of 1.7 metres and the upper one a height of 2.5 metres. The distance between the bars can reach up to 1.8 metres. Uneven bars provide one of the most spectacular displays among all women's sports gymnastics apparatuses. This exercise is characterised by unique combinations of various elements, such as flight and twists as well as moving above, below or in between the bars.
Vault
The contestants leap over a vaulting table (formerly known as a pommel horse). Currently, the apparatus used by the contestants is 1.2 metres long and 95 centimetres wide. Its height is 1.2 metres. After a maximum of 25 metres of inrun, the contestant bounces off the springboard and vaults over the apparatus while performing twists and saltos. Though the exercises performed on this apparatus are the shortest, they make for an astonishing display nonetheless.
Balance beam
It is 1.25 metres tall, its length is 5 metres and it is only 10 centimetres wide. This apparatus requires immense precision and grace. During the routine, the gymnasts perform various acrobatic stunts, jumps, twists and balancing acts, including exercises performed while sitting or lying down. The display is a mixture of elegance, rhythm, flexibility and balance. The dismounts performed at the end of the routine are often very impressive as well.

MEN'S SPORTS GYMNASTICS

Free exercise
The dimensions of the exercise floor are 12 x 12 metres, with an additional safety zone of 2 metres on each side. The floor is springy and is covered with a shock-absorbing surface. The exercises performed on this apparatus typically require swiftness, jumping skills and flexibility. Each routine performed by the gymnasts contains acrobatic elements, such as saltos and tumbling, as well as static elements, such as handstands and balancing.
Pommel horse
Its height (from the ground) is 1.15 metres. It is 1.6 metres long. The distance between the handles is 40 – 45 centimetres. The routines performed on this apparatus are a show of fluidity and balance. The exercises are performed with the use of the hands alone. The gymnasts move around the entire surface of the apparatus while performing rotations and twists.
Steady Rings
Their height is 2.8 metres. The gymnasts perform swing and strength elements on two rings. The exercises performed on this apparatus require high strength and a good sense of balance.
Vault
The contestants leap over a vaulting table (formerly known as a pommel horse). Currently, the apparatus used by the contestants is 1.2 metres long and 95 centimetres wide. Its height is 135 centimetres. After a maximum of 25 metres of inrun, the contestant bounces off a springboard and vaults over the apparatus while performing twists and saltos. Though the exercises performed on this apparatus are the shortest, they make for an astonishing display nonetheless.
High Bar
It is 2.8 metres tall and 2.4 metres wide. The routine on this apparatus consists only in swing exercises without any pause. It is a combination of agility and dynamic acrobatics above the apparatus. The final dismount at the end of the routine is a crucial part of it and may often mean the difference between winning and losing.
Parallel Bars
They are 2 metres high. The apparatus consists of two parallel bars on which the gymnasts perform swing and strength exercises. The breathtaking saltos performed by the contestants on different parts of the apparatus require strength, dynamism and a great sense of balance.

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